Changing Relationship between Collective Memory and History Writing

German historicism of the nineteenth century has suggested that collective memory (tradition) and historical consciousness elaborated by academic historians are two distinct entities. Maurice Halbwachs also adopted this view in his conceptualisation of the notion of collective memory. Due to the flood of collective memory in our own days, the gap between them has slowly been dissolved. However, there is an ongoing debate on how they relate to each other.

Keywords: exemplary recalling, community memory, memory-history, national identity, historical experience