"Jewish Politicians in the Legislative of the Early Dual Period".


The present article makes an attempt to identify and characterise the participants of Hungarian parliamentary politics of Jewish descent before 1890. Although several representatives with Jewish background have been identified - a group, which has not received any attention before -, the proportion of Jews in contemporary Parliament remained very low, and even if baptized Jews are also taken into account there is a profound under-representation in hand. Socially, these Jewish politicians represented two types of social statuses underlined by belonging to two generations. Roughly speaking, the members of the bourgeoisie born around 1830 were complemented by the group of intellectuals, who tended to be two decades younger. These politicians did not form a uniform group in their relation to the central criteria of assimilation either. There were devoted Hungarian nationalists among them, who remained Jewish in their fate, and preserved their Jewish surnames. However, the presence of the descendants of very early converts and surname Magyarizers seem significant. At the same time it became clear that the Jewish tendency toward supporting the governing party can be verified only for a shorter period of time, following the anti-Semitic wave of the early 1880s. An analysis of the parliamentary activities of the described group of Jewish politicians would show above-average devotedness toward parliamentary work and significant expert skills.